Kinesio taping does not improve the symptoms or function of older people with knee osteoarthritis

Wageck B, Nunes GS, Bohlen NB, Santos GM, de Noronha M

Literatuur type: 
rct
Publicatie jaar: 
2016

 

Question:
Does Kinesio Taping reduce pain and swelling, and increase muscle strength, function and knee-related health status in older people with knee osteoarthritis[8TD$DIF]?

Design:
Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis and blinded assessment. Participants: Seventy-six older people with knee osteoarthritis.

Intervention:
The experimental group received three simultaneous Kinesio Taping techniques to treat pain, strength and swelling. The control group received sham taping. All participants kept the taping on for 4 days.

Outcome measures:
The outcomes were: concentric muscle strength of knee extensors and flexors, measured by isokinetic dynamometry with an angular velocity of 60 deg/second normalised for body mass [(Nm/kg) x 100 (%)]; pressure pain threshold via digital pressure algometry (kgf/cm2); lower-limb swelling via volumetry (l) and perimetry (cm); physical function via the Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale (0 = worst to 100 = best); and knee-related health status via the Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index (0 = best to 96 = worst). Outcomes were measured at Day 4 (end of the taping period) and Day 19 (follow-up) after the start of the treatment.

Results:
At Day 4, there were no significant between-group differences for knee extensor muscle strength (MD –1%, 95% CI –7 to 5), knee flexor muscle strength (MD 2%, 95% CI –3 to 7), the pressure pain threshold at any measured point, volumetry (MD 0.05 L, 95% CI –0.01 to 0.11), perimetry at anymeasured point, Lysholm score (MD –4 points, 95% CI –9 to 2), or WOMAC score (MD –2 points, 95% CI –8 to 4). The lack of significant between-group difference was also seen at the follow-up assessment on Day 19.

Conclusion:
The Kinesio Taping techniques investigated in this study provided no beneficial effects for older people with knee osteoarthritis on any of the assessed outcomes.

 

Referenties: 

Journal of Physiotherapy 62 (2016) 153-158